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2022年5月大学英语b统考题库网考试卷

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2022年5月大学英语b统考题库网考试卷
一、交际英语
1.- We are planning an outing. _________
- Sure.
A.Where are you going?               
B.When will you leave?               
C.How is everything?        
D.Do you want to join us?
答案:D
2.- I think he is a good lecturer.
- _________
A.Sorry, it doesn't matter.
B.So do I.
C.Yes. It's a good idea.
D.I don't mind.
答案:B
3.- I didn't mean to do that. Please forgive me.   
- _________
A.Not too bad.
B.That's all right.
C.It's a pleasure.
D.Thank you.
答案B
4.- What do you think of this novel?
- _________
A.I've read it.
B.It's well-written.
C.It was written by my uncle.
D.I bought it yesterday.
答案:B
5.- Did you know that David injured his leg yesterday?
- Really? _______
A.Who did that?
B.What's wrong with him?
C.How did that happen?
D.Why was he so careless?
答案:C
二、阅读理解
Chinese New Year, which is also called the Spring Festival节目, is the most important festival in China. The holiday begins on the first day of the new cycle循环of the moon, which occurs in late January or early February. The celebration will last 2 weeks.
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In the week before the New Year, families clean their houses in order to sweep away all the bad lucks.
On the evening before the New Year, families gather for a big feast盛宴. They prepare all kinds of dishes and dumplings饺子. At midnight, they set off fireworks焰火.
On the first day of the New Year, people put on new clothes and then they take gifts to friends and relatives. The adults成人usually give new year bonus压岁钱to their children.
During the Spring Festival, the most special activity is the dragon and lion dances. As many as 50 or more people support special dragons and lions which are made of cloth, while dancing down the street.
The celebrations end with the Lantern Festival元宵节on the 15th day of the 1stmonth of the lunar year.
6.The most important festival in China is the Spring Festival.
A.T
B.F
答案A
7.The celebration of the Spring Festival will last 2 weeks.
A.T
B.F
答案A
8.In order to get away the bad lucks in the old days, in the week before the Spring Festival, people light fireworks.
A.T
B.F
答案B
9.On the first day of the Spring Festival, the children are given some money.
A.T
B.F
答案A
10.The dragons and lions which people use in the dances are made of metal.
A.T
B.F
答案:B
What makes a person a scientist? Does he have ways or tools of learning that are different from those of others? The answer is “no”. It is not the tools a scientist uses but how he uses these tools that makes him a scientist. You will probably agree that knowing how to use a power is important to a carpenter. You will probably agree, too, that knowing how to investigate, how to discover information, is important to everyone. The scientist, however, goes one step further, he must be sure that he has a reasonable answer to his questions and that his answer can be confirmed by other persons. He also works to fit the answers he gets to many questions into a large set of ideas about how the world works.
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The scientist’s knowledge must be exact. There is no room for half right or right just half the time. He must be as nearly right as the conditions permit. What works under one set of conditions at one time must work under the same conditions at other times. If the conditions are different, any changes the scientist observes in a demonstration must be explained by the changes in the conditions. This is one reason that investigations are important in science. Albert Einstein, who developed the Theory of Relativity, arrived at this theory through mathematics. The accuracy of his mathematics was later tested through investigations, and Einstein’s ideas were shown to be correct. A scientist uses many tools for measurements. Then the measurements are used to make mathematical calculations that may test his investigations.
11.What makes a scientist according to the passage? ________
A.The tools he uses.
B.The way he uses his tools.
C.His ways of learning.
D.The various tools he uses.
答案B
12.The underlined part in the passage shows_______.
A.the importance of information
B.the importance of thinking
C.the difference between scientists and ordinary people
D.the difference between carpenters and people with other jobs
答案C
13.A sound scientific theory should be one that _________.
A.works not only under one set of conditions at one time, but also under the same conditions at other times
B.does not allow any changes even under different conditions
C.can be used for many purposes
D.leaves no room for improvement
答案A
14.The author quotes the case of Albert Einstein to illustrate __________.
A.that measurements are keys to success in science
B.that accuracy of mathematics
C.that investigations are important in science
D.that the mathematical calculations may test his investigations
答案C
15.What is the main idea of the passage? ________
A.The theory of relativity.
B.Exactness is the core of science.
C.Scientists are different from ordinary people.
D.Exactness and ways of using tools are the keys to the making of a scientist.
答案:D
三、词汇与语法
16.We've missed the last bus. I'm afraid we have no ________ but to take a taxi.
A.way
B.choice
C.possibility
D.selection   
答案B
17.So little ________ about chemistry that the lecture was completely beyond me.
A.did I know
B.I had known
C.did I knew
D.I know  
答案:A
18.The reason I did not go abroad was _____ a job in my home town.
A.because
B.due to
C.that I got
D.because of getting
答案C
19.He _______ driving me home, even though I told him I lived nearby.
A.insisted on
B.insisted at
C.insisted that
D.insisted in
答案A
20.Twenty people were ________ wounded in the air crash.
A.quickly
B.wrongly
C.bitterly
D.seriously
答案:D
四、完型填空
Mike was a small boy, and he hated soap and water. Three or four times every day his mother said to him, "Mike, your hands are very __21__ again. Go and wash them." But Mike never really washed them well. He only put his hands in the water for a few seconds and then took them __22__ again.
Mike's uncle and aunt lived in another city. One day they came to stay with Mike's parents, and they brought their small son, Ted, with them. Ted was a year __23__ than Mike, and he didn't like soap and water either.
The boys sat with their parents __24__ a few minutes, but then they went outside. When they were alone, Mike looked at Ted's hands and then said proudly, "My hands are dirtier than __25__."
"Of course they are," Ted answered angrily. "You're a year older than I am."
21.
A.yours
B.for
C.out
D.younger
E.dirty
答案E
22.
A.yours
B.for
C.out
D.younger
E.dirty
答案C
23.
A.yours
B.for
C.out
D.younger
E.dirty
答案D
24.
A.yours
B.for
C.out
D.younger
E.dirty
答案B
25.
A.yours
B.for
C.out
D.younger
E.dirty
答案A
五、英译汉
26.I have a pain in my back.
答案我的背疼。
27.Were there any phone calls for me while I was out?
答案: 我不在时,有人打电话给我吗?
28.The teacher came earlier than expected(预期).
答案:老师来得比预期的早。
29.You and your team can discover the answers to problems together.
答案:你和你的团队能够一起找到问题的答案。
30.This new country hopes to establish friendly relations with all its neighbours.
答案:这个新成立的国家希望和所有邻国建立友好关系。
31.The Olympic Games is an international sports event that takes place every four years.
答案:奥林匹克运动会是国际性的体育会,每四年主办一次。
六、写作
32.写作
Instructions:根据下面所给的题目和提纲用英语写出一篇不少于80词的短文。
1.介绍家庭主要成员;
2.描述令你难忘的家庭活动。
My Family



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